Viral Media Online

Lewis and Clark Weren't the Only Explorers to Map the American Frontier

Victory by the United States in the Revolutionary War didn’t mark the end of its problems with European conquest of North America. As Julie M. Fenster describes in Jefferson’s America, her remarkable history of the exploration of the American frontier, without proper mapping and settlement, the Louisiana Purchase was little more than a few words on paper, the territory ripe to be plucked away, part and parcel, by Spain, France, and England.

“The French,” writes Fenster, “sold Louisiana and intentionally left the detail of drawing boundaries to the new owners.” She later writes that the Spanish, who had a significant military and administrative presence in the western frontier, “had come to the sensible conclusion that without money or soldiers or people in abundance, a territory can’t be controlled. It can only be held, and rather gently … Exploration could assert control, because accurate information was another basis of power.”

The Louisiana Purchase was France’s idea. With the…

Continue reading…